Australia is home to diverse climate zones, which result in snow-capped mountains, tropical rainforests, and desert landscapes. Some large parts of the country are dedicated to farming and agriculture, the backbone of the Australian economy. There are now 60 wine regions around the country in almost every state and territory. The following are the regions that produce the most significant percentage of grapes in Australia.
Seventy kilometres from Adelaide, the South Australian capital, is Barossa Valley, which hosts different micro-climatic zones that favour vineyards for dazzling produce. Barossa Valley and wine production share a history that dates back to 1842. The main variety in this region is Shiraz that accounts for almost 50% of wine production in the country.
This region in Western Australia is famous for its beauty and gleaming vineyards. It lies 270 kilometres south of Perth and is home to approximately 120 wine producers. The development of Margaret River as a grape-growing region has taken place over the last 40 years. It is mainly known for growing Chardonnay, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Semillon, and Shiraz wine grapes.
McLaren Vale with at least 65 wineries and approximately 270 grape growers is located thirty-five kilometres south of Adelaide. The first vines to be grown in this region were planted in 1838. The locally produced Shiraz from this region has a full flavour and deep colour. Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Merlot, and Grenache also do well in McLaren Vale.
The Mornington Peninsula
Just one hour to the south of Melbourne is the Mornington Peninsula, which has a favourably mild climate suited for grape growing. The region has more than 200 vineyards that embrace Pinot Gris, Tempranillo, and Chardonnay as local favourites.
Grape growing and wine production in Australia is on the rise. Apart from the major wine grape growing regions above, other states and territories are utilising careful vineyard management and irrigation to produce high-quality wine.